Protection Coverage
Terrestrial
Marine
Number of Protected Areas
Coastal
Marine
Terrestrial
Total
World Bank Data
 
 
 
 
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Protected Areas

Designation GIS Area GIS Marine Area IUCN Category Management Plan Status Status Year WDPA ID
Guanahacabibes Specially Protected Area (Cartagena Convention) 399.14km² 168.43km² II Designated 2001 555624218
Mogote de Soroa Elemento Natural Destacado 0.42km² 0.00km² III Designated 2012 555621507
Banco de San Antonio Elemento Natural Destacado 74.28km² 74.28km² III Designated 2012 555621509
Loma de Santa María Refugio de Fauna 130.51km² 37.90km² IV Designated 2012 555621514
Ciénaga de Lanier Refugio de Fauna 243.70km² 53.86km² IV Designated 2012 555621515
Yara-Majayara Elemento Natural Destacado 17.70km² 2.65km² III Designated 2012 555621482
Varahicacos Paisaje Natural Protegido 1.18km² 0.01km² V Designated 2010 555621505
El Macio Reserva Ecológica 143.47km² 127.36km² II Designated 2012 555621484
Macurije-Santa Maria Refugio de Fauna 300.41km² 97.15km² IV Designated 2012 555621487
Ensenada del Gua y Cayos de Manzanillo Refugio de Fauna 165.85km² 145.25km² IV Designated 2012 555621498
El Mulo Reserva Natural 2.78km² 0.00km² Ia Designated 2008 555621481
Estrella - Aguadores Paisaje Natural Protegido 2.27km² 0.22km² V Designated 2012 555621503
Monte Natural Cupaynicú Reserva Florística Manejada 0.57km² 0.00km² IV Designated 2010 555621477
Punta Caribe Refugio de Fauna 19.75km² 1.06km² IV Designated 2012 555621479
Cayo Guajaba Área Protegida de Recursos Manejados 98.23km² 2.84km² VI Designated 2010 555621489

State Indicators

State Description

State indicators reflect the conditions of the land as well as its resilience to withstand change as a consequence of sector pressures. This may include indicators which express changes in biological productivity (actual and potential), extent and impacts of soil degradation, including erosion, salinization, etc., annual and long-term balance of nutrients (exported and imported by the cropping systems), degree and type of contamination or pollution (by direct application, atmospheric transport, etc.), changes in organic matter content, water holding capacity, etc. The changes in state may be negative with poor management, or positive with good management. © FAO Link

Average proportion of Marine Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas (%)
Forest area as a proportion of total land area (%)

Pressure Indicators

Pressure Description

Indicators in this group include those activities that relate to the degree of intensification and diversification of agricultural land uses, and result in increased pressure on land quality. This may include the number of crops in a cropping system per year or per hectare, type and intensity of tillage, degree of removal of biomass, integration with livestock systems, number of food and fibre products produced annually, etc. These indicators must be seen within the context of major socio-demographic factors such as population pressures, land tenure, etc., but the latter do not qualify for inclusion as LQIs. This is because these major forces do not influence land quality directly, but rather through the land practices that are adopted by farmers as a consequence. It is these management systems and their impacts that we wish to capture as LQIs, although changes in the major driving forces may provide some "early warning" signals. © FAO Link

Agricultural Pressure Indicator (API)
Change in Population Pressure Indicator (CPPI)
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 inside and outside protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Population Pressure Indicator (PPI)
Road Pressure Indicator (RPI)

Response Indicators

Response Description

The response mechanisms are normally achieved through direct actions by the farmers themselves in evolving or adopting improved land management systems, or through complementary activities whereby adoption of conservation technologies is stimulated by general economic, agricultural and conservation policies and programmes. In rare instances, environmental regulations may be necessary to effect proper control of land resource degradation. Response indicators may include number and types of farmer organizations for soil conservation, extent of change in farm technologies, risk management strategies, incentive programmes for adoption of conservation technologies, etc. Response indicators should be distinguished into those categories promoted by governments, those undertaken by individual farmers and those supported by agri-business.  © FAO Link

Average proportion of Freshwater Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas (%)
15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
Average proportion of Marine Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas (%)
14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Average proportion of Mountain Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas (%)
15.4: By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
Average proportion of Terrestrial Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas (%)
15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
Forest area as a proportion of total land area (%)
Goal 15. Protect terrestrial ecosystems
Marine protected area coverage (km2)
Target 11 on Protected Areas
Proportion of forest area within legally established protected areas (%)
15.2: By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Red List Index
15.5: Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
Terrestrial protected area coverage (km2)
Target 11 on Protected Areas
Trend in permanent surface water extent
15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
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Country Profiles

Documents (e.g. National Assessments, Strategies, Policies)