Protection Coverage
Terrestrial
Marine
Number of Protected Areas
Coastal
Marine
Terrestrial
Total
World Bank Data
 
 
 
 
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Protected Areas

Designation GIS Area GIS Marine Area IUCN Category Management Plan Status Status Year WDPA ID
Monte Natural Cupaynicú Reserva Florística Manejada 0.57km² 0.00km² IV Designated 2010 555621477
Ensenada del Gua y Cayos de Manzanillo Refugio de Fauna 165.85km² 145.25km² IV Designated 2012 555621498
Varahicacos Paisaje Natural Protegido 1.18km² 0.01km² V Designated 2010 555621505
Estrella - Aguadores Paisaje Natural Protegido 2.27km² 0.22km² V Designated 2012 555621503
Canales del Hanabana Refugio de Fauna 55.74km² 0.00km² IV Designated 2012 555621502
Humedal Río Máximo-Cagüey Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 226.30km² 84.73km² Not Reported Designated 2002 901221
Alejandro de Humboldt National Park World Heritage Site (natural or mixed) 694.54km² 24.70km² Not Applicable Inscribed 2001 900628
Buenavista Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 3152.32km² 2235.63km² Not Reported Designated 2002 900763
Humedal Delta del Cauto Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 611.51km² 52.31km² Not Reported Designated 2002 900766
Ciénaga de Zapata Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 6502.90km² 1500.05km² Not Reported Designated 2001 900569
Gran Humedal del Norte de Ciego de Ávila Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 2514.03km² 1427.03km² Not Reported Designated 2002 900765
Ciénaga de Lanier y Sur de la Isla de la Juventud Ramsar Site, Wetland of International Importance 1299.33km² 359.64km² Not Reported Designated 2002 900764
Cayos Los Ballenatos y manglares de la bahía de Nuevitas Refugio de Fauna 69.82km² 2.76km² IV Designated 2001 317047
Cuchillas del Toa Área Protegida de Recursos Manejados 2028.04km² 64.88km² VI Designated 2010 317045
Tunas de Zaza Refugio de Fauna 60.58km² 3.75km² IV Designated 2001 303013

State Indicators

State Description

State indicators reflect the conditions of the land as well as its resilience to withstand change as a consequence of sector pressures. This may include indicators which express changes in biological productivity (actual and potential), extent and impacts of soil degradation, including erosion, salinization, etc., annual and long-term balance of nutrients (exported and imported by the cropping systems), degree and type of contamination or pollution (by direct application, atmospheric transport, etc.), changes in organic matter content, water holding capacity, etc. The changes in state may be negative with poor management, or positive with good management. © FAO Link

Average proportion of Marine Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas (%)
Forest area as a proportion of total land area (%)

Pressure Indicators

Pressure Description

Indicators in this group include those activities that relate to the degree of intensification and diversification of agricultural land uses, and result in increased pressure on land quality. This may include the number of crops in a cropping system per year or per hectare, type and intensity of tillage, degree of removal of biomass, integration with livestock systems, number of food and fibre products produced annually, etc. These indicators must be seen within the context of major socio-demographic factors such as population pressures, land tenure, etc., but the latter do not qualify for inclusion as LQIs. This is because these major forces do not influence land quality directly, but rather through the land practices that are adopted by farmers as a consequence. It is these management systems and their impacts that we wish to capture as LQIs, although changes in the major driving forces may provide some "early warning" signals. © FAO Link

Agricultural Pressure Indicator (API)
Change in Population Pressure Indicator (CPPI)
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 inside and outside protected areas
Deforestation between 2001 and 2016 within protected areas
Population Pressure Indicator (PPI)
Road Pressure Indicator (RPI)

Response Indicators

Response Description

The response mechanisms are normally achieved through direct actions by the farmers themselves in evolving or adopting improved land management systems, or through complementary activities whereby adoption of conservation technologies is stimulated by general economic, agricultural and conservation policies and programmes. In rare instances, environmental regulations may be necessary to effect proper control of land resource degradation. Response indicators may include number and types of farmer organizations for soil conservation, extent of change in farm technologies, risk management strategies, incentive programmes for adoption of conservation technologies, etc. Response indicators should be distinguished into those categories promoted by governments, those undertaken by individual farmers and those supported by agri-business.  © FAO Link

Average proportion of Freshwater Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas (%)
15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
Average proportion of Marine Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas (%)
14.5 By 2020, conserve at least 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, consistent with national and international law and based on the best available scientific information
Average proportion of Mountain Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas (%)
15.4: By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
Average proportion of Terrestrial Key Biodiversity Areas (KBAs) covered by protected areas (%)
15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
Forest area as a proportion of total land area (%)
Goal 15. Protect terrestrial ecosystems
Marine protected area coverage (km2)
Target 11 on Protected Areas
Proportion of forest area within legally established protected areas (%)
15.2: By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and substantially increase afforestation and reforestation globally
Red List Index
15.5: Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
Terrestrial protected area coverage (km2)
Target 11 on Protected Areas
Trend in permanent surface water extent
15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and drylands, in line with obligations under international agreements
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Country Profiles

Documents (e.g. National Assessments, Strategies, Policies)